PHP Tutorial

Creating a webpage using PHP is very simple. PHP-enabled pages can be created and edited the same way as your regular HTML pages but you will save your file as a .php file rather than an .html file. The following steps need to be done before you can create a webpage in our environment. This tutorial also explains the creation of a simple PHP page. You will need to be familiar with basic UNIX commands in order to understand the following instructions. If not, take a look at the manual pages for the following commands: ls, mkdir, chmod. Use the "man" command to read a man page.

Create your .www directory

The first step is to check the permissions on your home directory and create a .www directory within it. Read the .www tutorial to do this.

Create your PHP script

If you have already set up a homepage as index.html, you can just rename it index.php. Otherwise use any text editor to create your PHP code. Please note that the file you create should be in the .www directory with the .php extension. Cut and paste the following into the editor:

<!DOCTYPE html
PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="" xml:lang="en"
<title>PHP Test</title>
echo '<p>Hello World</p>';

Save your file as index.php. Then, from your .www directory, execute the following command to ensure that the file permissions are correct.

% chmod 644 index.php

This will make your page viewable to users with a web browser.

Test your PHP script

Use your web browser to access the file. The URL for your script should be:<username>/index.php

If you are receiving errors, check the Error Logs for error documentation.

If you get an Internal Server Error, double-check that you followed all the steps above. If you still can't get it to work, contact Systems Staff. Be sure to include the specific error from your Error Logs.

Disclaimer Policy

University of Minnesota policy requires that the following disclaimer appear on all personal pages and on all student organization pages. It will be automatically appended to pages that you create:
"The views and opinions expressed in this page are strictly those of the page author. The contents of this page have not been reviewed or approved by the University of Minnesota."